Category: Uncategorized (page 1 of 31)

Gazprom Starts TurkStream Landfall Work

Summary

Gazprom subsidiary South Stream Transport has started building the receiving terminal of the TurkStream gas pipeline, it said January 17. The terminal is on the Turkish coast of Black Sea, some 100 km west of Istanbul, near the village of Kiyikoy.

by: Dalga Khatinoglu, Ilham Shaban

Questions and Answers

Is Dennis Kucinich Serious?

Alex Wong/Getty Images

The ex-congressman trolled his fellow Democrats by praising Trump on Fox News. Now he wants his party’s support in running for governor.

In some ways, Dennis Kucinich is made for this moment in Democratic politics. Like Senator Bernie Sanders, the quirky former Ohio congressman embodied progressive populism long before its current vogue. He ran on single-payer healthcare, free college, and gay marriage as a presidential candidate in 2004 and 2008?years when all those ideas remained decidedly outside the political mainstream. Kucinich was ahead of the curve on opposing the Iraq war and the North American Free Trade Agreement, protecting the environment, and even embracing veganism. For all his idiosyncrasies?he claimed in a nationally televised debate that he?d seen a UFO, and proposed an official Department of Peace?his liberal peers were fond of him. ?At the end of the day, we?re really going to miss Dennis. Dennis is a transformative leader,? Minnesota Congressman Keith Ellison, now the deputy chair of the Democratic National Committee, told Politico before Kucinich left Congress in 2013. ?He stood up and spoke eloquently, passionately about Iraq, Afghanistan, Iran. He was a consistent voice for peace.?

Yet in one of the many strange subplots of today?s political drama, the proudly progressive Kucinich has not been a consistent voice against President Donald Trump this past year. As a Fox News contributor, he repeatedly aligned himself with the president. Now, as Kucinich attempts a political comeback and officially announces his run for governor of Ohio on Wednesday, he?s centering outreach to Trump?s constituency. ?The one thing I can do,? he told Fox & Friends on Wednesday morning, ?that I don?t know if there is another Democrat in Ohio who could run for office and do, is that I can reach out to the people who voted for President Trump. I can show them that there are Democrats who stand solidly for economic progress, who want to protect our markets, who want to stand up for everyday Americans. So, you know, to me, that?s my constituency, too. And I?m reaching out, and I?m not going to leave anyone out of picture.?

It?s one thing for Kucinich to reach out to Trump voters in a state the president won handily in 2016. But given Kucinich?s record over the past year, national progressive groups are questioning his credibility with Democratic voters. The man Politico once dubbed the ?lovable loser of the left? is at risk of seeming simultaneously too liberal for many Ohio voters and insufficiently anti-Trump for others.

?Dennis Kucinich may have previously enjoyed some progressive cred for his anti-war stance during his quixotic presidential bids, but his pro-Trump stances over the past year cast real doubt on his qualifications as a Democratic candidate,? said Carolyn Fiddler, the political editor at the liberal blog Daily Kos. ?Progressive Democratic candidates are stepping forward to run in record numbers for offices at every level of the ballot, and if Kucinich thinks that leaves room for a Trump apologist, he hasn?t been paying attention.?

Neil Sroka, a spokesman for Democracy for America, was more blunt: ?Frankly, many of the things he has said over the past year will be profoundly disturbing to progressives.?


?Profoundly disturbing? is precisely how most progressives would describe Trump?s inauguration. Nearly 70 Democratic members of Congress skipped the ceremony; I tagged along with one who literally took a hike instead. The new president thundered about ?American carnage,? describing families ?trapped in poverty in our inner cities, rusted-out factories scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation … and gangs and drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so much unrealized potential.?

Most Democrats hated the speech. Hillary Clinton would later call it ?a cry from the white nationalist gut,? and even former President George W. Bush reportedly said, ?That was some weird shit.? But Kucinich cheered Trump, writing on his Facebook page, ?I call upon all Americans to join in a common effort to create a great vision for our country, our people and for peace in the world. Let?s give him and ourselves a chance.?

Kucinich later told Fox host Jeanine Pirro he didn?t think Trump?s address was dark in the least. ?No, not at all,? he said. ?The issues that he talked about in his inaugural address were things that relate to people?s aspirations. They want a good education for their kids. They want jobs. They want the good life.? He added that Trump touched on issues he?d advocated for his whole career: taking on free-trade agreements; standing up for workers; investing in infrastructure, and avoiding foreign entanglements. ?When?s the last time we?ve had a president talk about the inner cities?? he asked.

This wasn?t an isolated incident. In May, Sean Hannity brought Kucinich on his show and announced that the former congressman was ?making major news.? Kucinich then proceeded to warn that ?our country itself is under attack from within.? ?You have a politicization of the agencies that is resulting in leaks from anonymous, unknown people,? he said, ?and the intention is to take down a president. This is very dangerous to America. It?s a threat to our republic. It constitutes a clear and present danger to our way of life.? ?You?re saying President Trump is under attack by the deep state intelligence community?? Hannity later asked. ?I believe that,? Kucinich said.

Then there?s the issue of impeachment. Kucinich wanted to impeach George W. Bush and former Vice President Dick Cheney over Iraq, and he even suggested former President Barack Obama committed an impeachable offense with airstrikes against Libya. But when it comes to removing Trump from office, somehow Kucinich isn?t convinced. ?There is tremendous animosity toward the president, and I understand it,? he told The New York Times in October. ?But I don?t know if there is a sufficient case to warrant a process as vigorous as impeachment.? In July, he similarly told Fox & Friends that a Democratic proposal to assess Trump?s mental and physical fitness for the presidency was ?destroying the party as an effective opposition.?

?I don?t think there?s anything wrong with going on Fox News and making the progressive case,? Sroka said. But he thinks Kucinich has been ?aiding the propaganda they?re pushing about Donald Trump.?

Kucinich, who declined an interview request on Tuesday, undoubtedly will face questions about this history now that he?s joining a Democratic primary field that already includes former Consumer Financial Protection Bureau director Richard Cordray, state Senator Joe Schiavoni, former state Representative Connie Pillich, and Ohio Supreme Court Justice William O?Neill.

?Dennis Kucinich has some good values,? said Progressive Change Campaign Committee spokeswoman Marissa Barrow, ?but his calling for Democrats to unify with Donald Trump in pursuit of world peace is one of many examples of how his strategic insights are sometimes lacking and why a lot of voters will have a high bar for considering his candidacy.?

Kucinich will certainly have his progressive boosters in this campaign. ?We welcome Dennis joining the race,? said Kenneth Zinn, the political director for National Nurses United. ?I think his voice is badly needed.? (Kucinich recently stood with the nurses to fight the closing of a hospital in Massillon, Ohio.) Zinn stressed that his union has yet to endorse a candidate in this race, but praised his longtime support for ?Medicare for all,? taking on Wall Street, and fighting wealth disparity. He said he wasn?t familiar with Kucinich?s work for Fox News.

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Ionic-Entwickler können nun leichter Progressive Web Apps bauen

Ionic PWA Toolkit

Quelle: Ionic

Die Macher des quelloffenen Frameworks veröffentlichen ein Toolkit zum Erstellen von Progressive Web Apps in einer Beta-Version. Eine stärkere Einbindung der Webapplikationen ist für die nächste Version des Frameworks ebenfalls geplant.

Das Erstellen von Progressive Web Apps (PWA) mit dem quelloffenen Framework Ionic soll leichter von der Hand gehen ? deshalb gibt es jetzt für Entwickler eine Beta eines passenden PWA Toolkits. Ionic habe sich dabei am Command-Line-Interface von Preact und der Polymer App Toolbox orientiert.

Entwicklern soll das Toolkit die Möglichkeit bieten, PWAs in Ionic zu erstellen. Bereits aus dem regulären Ionic bekannte Widgets sind entsprechend für Webkomponenten umgestaltet worden. Außerdem bietet das Toolkit mit Stencil einen Compiler für Web Components, die automatisiert mit Lazy Loading und Code Split ausgestattet sind. Für Push-Notifikationen inklusive Service Worker finden Entwickler entsprechenden Standardcode im Toolkit, damit das Aufsetzen der Applikationen schneller von der Hand geht.

Mit dem anstehenden Release von Ionic 4.0 sollen Web Components standardmäßig mit dem Framework erstellbar sein. Dadurch können Entwickler Ionic-Komponenten mit den JavaScript-Frameworks ihrer Wahl erstellen. Aktuell ist die Beta des Toolkits auf GitHub verfügbar. Für Interessierte gibt es eine Anleitung, um die Werkzeugkiste in Ionic zu verwenden. Ionic arbeitet außerdem an einem Projekt namens Capacitor, das bereits erstellte Ionic-Applikationen relativ einfach in eine PWA umwandeln soll.

Kurz zusammenfasst handelt es sich bei PWAs um eine Art Zusammenschluss aus einer responsiven Website und einer App. Sie sind über eine URL aufrufbar, bieten aber auch ohne Internetzugang Funktionen an. Ein weiterer Vorteil liegt darin, dass für PWAs keine Installation notwendig ist. Viele Unternehmen fokussieren sich mittlerweile auf die Entwicklung von PWAs ? unter anderem auch Microsoft, die eine Unterstützung von PWAs in Windows für das Frühjahr 2018 angekündigt haben.

Mehr dazu auf heise Developer:

(bbo)

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Vielseitiges Aldi-Notebook: Medion Akoya E3216 im Test

Fakt ist: Für 349 Euro können Kunden kein superschnelles Notebook erwarten. Auch das Medion Akoya E3216 ist kein flinkes Exemplar. Die Akkulaufzeit von gut vier Stunden ist aber ganz okay. Zudem überraschte es mit seinen vielseitigen Einsatzmöglichkeiten, arbeitete geräuschlos und bot eine hohe Bildqualität. Obendrein gibt es mit dem Fingerabdrucksensor und dem USB-C-Anschluss mit Displayport-Funktion nützliche Extras gratis.

Pro

  • Hohe Bildqualität
  • Arbeitet lautlos
  • Drehbares Display
  • Fingerabdrucksensor
  • USB-C-Anschluss mit Displayport-Funktion

Kontra

  • Langsames Arbeitstempo
  • Für Spiele ungeeignet
  • Wenig Speicher (58 Gigabyte)

Testnote der Redaktion

2,80

befriedigend

Nutzerwertung

(von 1 Bewertungen)

Für diejenigen, denen Tablet-PCs zu viele Einschränkungen haben, gibt es ab dem 25. Januar bei Aldi eine praktische Notebook-/Tablet-Kombi. Und auf dem Preisschild stehen nur 349 Euro! Ist das Medion Akoya E3216 ein echter Preishammer? Wie gut ist das Convertible mit Windows 10 wirklich? Hier gibt es Antworten.

10 Fotos

Medion Akoya E3216 ansehen

Medion Akoya E3216 im Test

Klar, mit einem Gewicht von knapp 1,5 Kilogramm ist das gut verarbeitete Akoya deutlich schwerer als die meisten Tablet-PCs. Für ein Convertible geht das Gewicht aber in Ordnung. Zumal es kein mickriges 11-Zoll-Modell, sondern einen ordentliches 13,3-Zoll-Exemplar ist. Gut: Das Display lässt sich für die Nutzung als Tablet um 360 Grad auf den Rücken der Tastatur klappen. Auf seiner Diagonalen von 33,7 Zentimetern zeigt der Bildschirm Filme, Internetseiten und Urlaubsbilder in Full HD mit vielen Details. Ebenfalls gut: Farbtreue und Kontrast sind hoch und der Bildwechsel geht zackig vonstatten, sodass es bei schnellen Filmszenen keine Schlieren gibt.

Das Akoya E3216 ist kein Renner

Weniger zackig ist das Arbeitstempo: Für Internet- und Office-Anwendungen reicht die Leistung, bei kräftezehrenden Foto- und Videobearbeitungen ist viel Geduld gefragt. Ursachen hierfür: Der 4 Gigabyte große Arbeitsspeicher ist zwar für ein Notebook dieser Preisklasse gut bemessen, der Prozessor ist aber nur ein Einstiegsexemplar: Intels Pentium N4200 taktet mit nur 1,1 Gigahertz. Obendrein hat das Akoya für Programme und Daten statt einer flinken SSD nur langsameren EMMC-Speicher, der das Tempo bremst.

25 Bilder

Convertibles ansehen

Wie Sie hören, hören Sie nichts!

Gut: Der Prozessor entwickelt wenig Hitze. Daher sind keine schnell drehenden Lüfter für die Wärmeabfuhr nötig, das Medion arbeitet daher so völlig geräuschlos. Eine weitere Besonderheit versteckt sich im Touchpad, das in der oberen, linken Ecke einen Fingerabdrucksensor fürs komfortable Einloggen in Windows 10 beherbergt. Gewöhnungsbedürftig: Streichen Nutzer beim Arbeiten über die Fläche des Fingerabdrucksensors, bewegt sich der Mauszeiger nicht. Dennoch ist so ein Extra bei 350-Euro-Notebooks kaum zu finden ? genauso wie ein USB-C-Anschluss. Daran lassen sich mit entsprechendem Adapter (ab 15 Euro) sogar 4K-Monitore mit Displayport-Anschluss betreiben.

Akkulaufzeiten okay

Und wie sieht es mit den Akkulaufzeiten aus? Beim Arbeiten kam das Medion Akoya E3216 vier Stunden und 16 Minuten ohne Steckdose aus, bei der Videowiedergabe gingen nach drei Stunden und 25 Minuten die Lichter aus. Die Werte sind okay, aber nicht überragend. Weniger schön: Bis der Akku wieder randvoll mit Energie war, vergingen drei Stunden und 13 Minuten ? hier ist Geduld fragt.

51 Geräte

Bestenliste: Laptops

Link hier klicken

Tender for Pressure Reduction and Metering Stations (PRMS)

Tender for Pressure Reduction and Metering Stations (PRMS)

Israel Natural Gas Lines Ltd. (the “Company“), an Israeli governmental owned company, hereby publishes a tender for entering the Company’s list of Approved Contractors from which the Company may order the design, fabrication, delivery, installation, testing and commissioning of Pressure Reduction and Metering Stations (“PRMS“) for the Israeli natural gas transmission system for a period of three to five years (the “Approved List“) (the “Tender“). 

The bidders may be a joint venture consisting of an Israeli member and a foreign member (a “JV Bidder“) or an Israeli entity or a foreign entity, each complying, in and of itself, with the threshold requirements specified below (the “Bidders“). Bidders complying with the threshold requirements specified below are hereby invited to participate in the Tender and submit their proposals. 

1. Threshold Requirements Applicable to a Single Entity Bidder and to a Foreign Member of a JV Bidder ? the following are the main threshold requirements with which a single entity Bidder and a foreign member of a JV Bidder participating in the Tender should comply (the detailed and binding threshold requirements are specified in the Tender documents). 

(1) Within the last five (5) calendar years (2013 ? 2017) the Bidder/Foreign Member has successfully completed at least five (5) high pressure (inlet at least 40 barg) gas PRMSs with a minimum capacity of 20,000 Nm3/h each, to companies or other entities all of which are licensed to transmit or distribute natural gas and/or to operate power plants which are 50 MW or more in current OECD Member countries listed in the Tender documents. 

(2) (a) it had an annual weighted average turnover of at least 30 million Euro over the course of 2014 ? 2016; and (b) in case of a single entity Bidder ? its equity for the end of 2016 was no less than 10,000,000 Euro or, in case of a Foreign Member – its equity for the end of 2016 was no less than 10,000,000 Euro multiplied by its share in the JV capital; and (c) its weighted average yearly cash flow from operating activities was positive. 

(3) The Bidder or Foreign Member holds valid ISO 9001:2000 certificates or comparable certification. 

(4) The Bidder or Foreign Member works in accordance with International and European Standards. 

(5) The Bidder or Foreign Member is the manufacturer of at least two of seven PRMS main components as specified in the Tender documents. 

(6) The Bidder or Foreign Member has an integral in-house engineering department and an integral in-house quality assurance department. 

(7) The Bidder entered into subcontractor agreement(s) with Israeli contractor(s) in the fields of electricity, mechanical installation and control systems as specified in the Tender documents. In case of a JV Bidder, the Israeli Member may act in lieu of any or all of these main subcontractors, provided that it meets the applicable threshold requirements specified for such subcontractors in the Tender documents. 

(8) The Bidder undertook to employ two project managers – a foreign project manager and an Israeli project manager.  

(9) The Bidder undertook that certain main components of the PRMS listed in the Tender documents will be of the authorized brands and/or manufacturers specified in the Tender documents. 

(10) A Bidder is required to obtain, in the quality evaluation of its Tender, minimum grades as follows: (a) at least 50% of the maximum potential points for quality of goods category; and (b) at least 80 accumulated points out of 100 accumulated points available in the categories specified in the Tender Documents. 

2. Threshold Requirements for the Israeli Member (in case of a JV Bidder) – in case of a JV Bidder, the Israeli Member should comply with the following threshold requirements (the detailed and binding threshold requirements are specified in the Tender documents). 

(1) (a) it had an annual weighted average turnover of at least 20 million NIS over the course of 2014 ? 2016; and (b) its equity for the end of 2016 was no less than 10,000,000 Euro (or the equivalent in NIS) multiplied by its share in the JV capital; and (c) its weighted average yearly cash flow from operating activities was positive. 

(2) The Israeli Member holds valid and updated ISO 9001:2000 certificates or comparable Certification in its field of expertise. 

3. General Information ?The Tender documents are available for viewing only, online, free of charge, on the Company’s Website (www.ingl.co.il). All other Tender Documents shall be available, free of charge, after and upon registration with the Tender Committee Coordinator (Ms. Shosh Yaacoby; e-mail: [email protected]) and providing her with the Bidder’s contact details. 

Bidders should submit their proposals to the Company’s offices: Atidim Tower (Building No. 8), 2184 St., Floor 33, Kiryat Atidim, Tel Aviv, Israel (Engineering/PRMS Department) at the above address not later than February 28, 2018, at 12:00. 

Requests for clarifications should be submitted by e-mail only to: [email protected]

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Medion LifeTab X10607 im Test: Android-7-Tablet mit LTE

Das Medion LifeTab X10607 ist nicht perfekt: Die Display-Helligkeit ist etwas gering, der Speicher mit 49 Gigabyte knapp und die Kameras mäßig. Dafür arbeitet es recht flink und dank seiner langen Akkulaufzeit ausdauernd. Dazu gibt es eine reichhaltige Ausstattung ? für den mobilen Internetzugang ist sogar ein LTE-Modul an Bord.

Pro

  • Hohes Arbeitstempo
  • Hohe Farbtreue
  • Lange Akkulaufzeit
  • Speicher erweiterbar
  • WLAN-ac, LTE

Kontra

  • Helligkeit etwas gering
  • Etwas schwer und dick
  • Mäßige Kameras

Testnote der Redaktion

2,80

befriedigend

Nutzerwertung

Jetzt bewerten

Ein Tablet im 10-Zoll-Format wie das Medion X10607 für rund 300 Euro ist ein familientauglicher Allrounder: nicht zu sperrig für unterwegs, aber groß genug, dass zocken, surfen, shoppen sowie Videos und Fotos anschauen komfortabel klappt. Und das mit Android 7.1 ausgestattete X10607 hinterlässt dank seiner rückseitigen Metallabdeckung sowie der guten Verarbeitung auch einen hochwertigen Eindruck. Mit 544 Gramm ist es aber recht schwer und mit 8,6 Millimetern auch etwas dick.

10 Fotos und Screnshots

Medion LifeTab X10607 ansehen

Medion LifeTab X10607: Scharfes Display

Die Maße sind aber nur eine Seite der Medaille. Wie gut ist die Technik? Auf seinem Display mit einer Diagonale von 25,6 Zentimetern zeigt das Medion Bilder, Filme und Websites in Full HD recht scharf mit 1920×1200 Bildpunkten. Auch die Farbtreue erreicht mit 97 Prozent einen sehr hohen Wert, ebenso das Kontrastverhältnis mit 1.391:1. Nur die Maximal-Helligkeit von 388,1 Candela pro Quadratmeter ist etwas gering.

Antrieb: Prozessor mit acht Kernen

Für ein hohes Tempo braucht es einen starken Prozessor. Als Motor ist im Medion das Achtkern-Modell Snapdragon 430 (MSM8937) von Qualcomm verbaut. Der basiert auf einem von der britischen Firma ARM entwickelten Chip, der die Prozessorkerne in zwei Gruppen aufteilt. Bei anspruchsvollen Apps wie Spielen übernimmt das starke Prozessor-Quartett mit 4×1,4 Gigahertz, bei einfachen Aufgaben wie Facebook, Spotify & Co das etwas schwächere Quartett mit 4×1,0 Gigahertz. Der Vorteil: Die CPU arbeitet so nicht ständig mit Volldampf, die Aufsplittung der Prozessorkerne soll Energie sparen und so den Akku schonen.

52 Geräte

Bestenliste: Tablet-Computer

Medion LifeTab X10607: Akku hält und hält

Und das Medion ging so tatsächlich knausrig mit der vorhandenen Energie um. Der Akku war bei intensiver Nutzung erst nach 14 Stunden leer, bei geringer Nutzung waren sogar über 41 Stunden drin. Das sind zweifelsfrei gute Werte. Und dabei war das Medion keinesfalls langsam ? im Gegenteil, es absolvierte die Geschwindigkeitsprüfungen mit einem hohen Tempo.

Tipp: Das Medion LifeTab X10607 gibt es bei Aldi Süd ab dem 25. Januar für 279 Euro statt 299 Euro.

weitere Panorama News lesenswerte Info zum Thema

Telegram: Der Traum von einem neuen Internet

Inhalt

  1. Seite 1 ? Der Traum von einem neuen Internet
  2. Seite 2 ? Ein Ökosystem für dezentrale Apps

Auf einer Seite lesen

Wer in diesen Zeiten etwas auf sich hält, muss eine eigene Kryptowährung entwickeln und auf die Blockchain setzen, notfalls auch nur im Namen. Dabei hat der Hype um Bitcoin in den vergangenen Monaten mehr halbgare als praktikable Ideen hervorgebracht. Doch es gibt auch Projekte, die im Falle eines Erfolgs großen Einfluss haben könnten. Das geplante Telegram Open Network (TON) des Chatdienstes Telegram könnte eines von ihnen sein.

1,2 Milliarden US-Dollar Startkapital will Telegram im ersten Quartal des Jahres in einem sogenannten Initial Coin Offering (ICO) einnehmen. Man kann ICOs als eine frühe Investition in eine neue Kryptowährung verstehen: Die Investoren kaufen die Währung zu einem vorgegebenen Preis ein, noch bevor sie auf den Markt kommt. Steigt deren Kurs später, haben sie Gewinn gemacht. Die Entwickler wiederum erhalten Geld, das sie in die Entwicklung ihrer Blockchain investieren können.

Auf diesem Weg will Telegramm laut TechCrunchzunächst 600 Millionen US-Dollar von ausgewählten Risikokapitalfirmen und Partnern einnehmen. Anschließend sollen noch einmal 600 Millionen in einem öffentlichen Verkauf folgen. Mit insgesamt 1,2 Milliarden US-Dollar wäre es das bis dato mit Abstand größte ICO ? vergangenen September konnte die Plattform Filecoin 257 Millionen US-Dollar einnehmen.

Telegram nähert sich 200 Millionen Nutzern

Die Pläne sind ambitioniert, vielleicht zu ambitioniert. Doch Telegram hat etwas, das viele Firmen, die nur allzu schnell dem Blockchain-Hype folgen, nicht haben: erstens Millionen bestehende Nutzer und zweitens konkrete Anwendungsfälle, in denen eine neue Kryptowährung nicht bloß als Spekulationsobjekt dient. 

Mit fast 200 Millionen aktiven Nutzern ist Telegram einer der beliebtesten und am schnellsten wachsenden Chatdienste der Welt. Zwar gab es in der Vergangenheit immer wieder Kritik an der eingesetzten Verschlüsselung des Dienstes, doch wie WhatsApp, Signal oder Threema ermöglicht auch Telegram, Nachrichten per Ende-zu-Ende-Verschlüsselung zu verschicken, sodass sie nicht von Dritten ? auch nicht von Telegram selbst ? gelesen werden können.

In einem Whitepaper behaupten die Verantwortlichen, auf Telegram gäbe es bereits Hunderte öffentliche Chatgruppen, in denen ICOs und Kryptowährungen diskutiert werden. Der Dienst sei insgesamt bereits jetzt eine der zentralen Anlaufstellen für die Blockchain-Community ? ein Potenzial, das man ausschöpfen wolle. Dazu werden in dem Papier mehrere Anwendungsfälle beschrieben, von denen drei besonders interessant sind.

Bezahlen mit der Chat-App

Die erste Anwendung ist naheliegend: Das TON soll eine neue Kryptowährung erhalten, deren Einheiten Grams heißen. Die digitale Geldbörse für die Grams, die Wallet, soll in die Chat-App integriert werden. Haben die Nutzer einmal gängige Währung in Grams umgetauscht, können sie anschließend damit im TON bezahlen. Der Vorteil: Alle bestehenden Telegram-Nutzer hätten von einem Tag auf den nächsten bereits eine Krypo-Wallet auf ihrem Smartphone installiert. Das erleichtert den Einstieg.

Als Vorbild dient Telegram das chinesische Netzwerk WeChat. Es ermöglicht seinen Nutzern schon jetzt, direkt aus der App heraus Käufe zu tätigen oder anderen Nutzern Geld zu überweisen. In China hat WeChat Pay inzwischen mehr als 600 Millionen aktive Nutzer ? und den Handel revolutioniert. Telegram möchte das Konzept aufgreifen. Mit dem Unterschied, dass anstelle einer klassischen Währung eben Grams verwendet werden, einschließlich der Vorteile einer Kryptowährung: Überweisungen werden ohne Mittelsmänner getätigt und sind gleichzeitig anonym wie transparent in der Blockchain gespeichert.

Ein Problem von Blockchains wie der von Bitcoin ist die geringe Transaktionsrate. Weil jede Überweisung über viele Computer hinweg berechnet werden muss, können nur wenige Überweisungen pro Sekunde getätigt werden. Telegram will dies mit einer neuen Technik lösen, mithilfe der sich die Blockchain automatisch aufspalten kann, wenn zu viele gleichzeitige Prozesse laufen. So sollen laut Telegram “Millionen von Überweisungen” pro Sekunde möglich werden, wodurch Grams im Gegensatz zu Bitcoin in seiner jetzigen Form als gängiges Zahlungsmittel etabliert werden soll.

bitte klicken German site

Alternative healer proposes legitimate species name for Bigfoot

An alternative healer with a PhD and background in entomology (study of insects) has exploited an opportunity to officially name Bigfoot as a new species. The being portrayed in a famous film that some believe depicts an actual Bigfoot has been designated the type specimen for the as-yet non-corporeal animal.

Frame capture from the Patterson Gimlin film, to date, the most discussed piece of Bigfoot evidence.

Dr. Erich Hunter, who specializes in pendulum healing, has described and formally named the animal commonly referred to as ?Bigfoot? or ?Sasquatch? in a self-published document based on the specimen portrayed in the Patterson Gimlin film of 1967. He has called the creature Kryptopithecus gimlinpattersonorum (Hunter 2017). The original species name was ?gimlinpattersoni?. This appeared on the cover and in the released print/Kindle copy. That is incorrect Latinization since there are two persons? names, not just one. The name should not have been altered. But sloppy Latin was just one of the serious problems in this Bigfoot naming ceremony.

Hunter published an amateurish 20-page paper through CreateSpace entitled ?Kryptopithecus gimlinpattersoni, A New Species of Bipedal Primate (Primates: Hominidae) From Humboldt County, California USA? (edited to ?gimlinpattersonorum? as noted above) that attempts to legitimize this new formal name under the naming code published by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN.org). Hunter, who published a Doctorate thesis on the ?Systematics of Phasmida? under the name Erich Hunter Tilgner, provides no legitimate zoological credentials to support why he should be the expert to name this species. He is listed as a former alumnus of the McHugh Lab at the University of Georgia, but is currently not working in this field as his main business is as a holistic healer writing books, providing online courses for learning pendulum healing, and honoring personal requests for healing at $200 per session. Hunter took advantage of a low-bar that allows for naming new animals.

Hunter states his awareness that the ICZN allows a new species to be formally named (for all time, everywhere) based on a photographic specimen as the holotype (the individual upon which the species description and name is based). Hunter used what was, in his opinion, the ?best? visual documentation of Bigfoot as the holotype. The reasoning for allowing a photo in this circumstance will inevitably be colored by your prior conclusions about Bigfoot: if you accept that the PG film depicts a real animal, the naming based on this designated holotype is legitimate. The specimen ?escaped?, as Hunter argues, and all that remains of the now-presumed dead animal is the image. He uses Frame 352 of the movie which is in the public domain as the film itself is copyrighted and, thus, private. If you assume the creature in the PG film is a human in a horsehair suit ? it falls under Homo sapiens and Equus caballus.

The ICZN does not allow the naming of a hypothetical animal. So Hunter attempts to demonstrate in his publication why ?Patty? (as the female being is known from the film) is a genuine animal and deserving of being the official name-bearer.

I consulted Dr. Ronald Pine, Adjunct Research Associate of the Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center at the University of Kansas and the Museum of Texas Tech University, for assistance in navigating the validity of Hunter?s act of naming. Dr. Pine says Hunter simply had to follow the ICZN rules of naming and correctly establish both the new genus and species name he proposed for it to be valid.

Hunter?s publication, even though it?s self-published, is a valid form of publication for official naming. This is a real problem in naming species as many people have engaged in what Dr. Darren Naish called ?taxonomic vandalism? via self-publishing in their own journals. Name-grabbing or name-bagging is not uncommon because the first name officially published is the one that must be adopted. As long as the publication is publicly available in print, or in an electronically published scientific journal that meets criteria for archiving and registered on ZooBank ? the official ICZN registry, then it?s acceptable. The Code makes no judgment on the validity of the species description or characterization, not even if it really exists! The Code only provides the rules for how you can name animals and which names take precedence over synonyms.

Hunter registered the name with ZooBank even though it is not required. Melba Ketchum also registered her name for Bigfoot Homo sapiens cognatus after her ill-received self-published paper on field-collected Bigfoot DNA. The Ketchum name is NOT valid because the publication itself did not follow the rules for naming including criteria for description, defining the type specimen, locating the type specimen, and stating the species be given this name. Therefore, it has no standing.

ZooBank nomenclature act

Hunter does complete the task of describing the animal from the morphology he sees in the PG film including the following:

Pelage ? Black hair covering body with varying degrees of density; muzzle of face haired; mammae covered in hair.

Head ? Prominent sagittal crest; no forehead; distinct brow ridge; nose broad.

Neck ? Skull atop slightly curved spine and is positioned below shoulder line; neck relatively short; robust.

Shoulders/back ? Broad shoulders and back that appear gorilla-like.

Arms/hands ? Powerful arms; hands not elongated; thumbs appear opposable.

Torso ? Broad, gorilla-like torso.

Hips/Legs ? Tailless; broad hips; well-developed buttocks; powerful legs that appear slightly bent when walking; knees do not appear to lock when walking.

Feet ? Feet flat; fully adducted hallux in line with the rest of the digits. Midtarsal break evident.

He also gives estimated measurements, admitting that these will be refined at a later time based on new information. Ideally, the details should be argued within the community but, this is Bigfoot, so there is no professional community of scientists who will hash out the details and disputes.

There are two-and-a-half pages (very large font), just 643 words, on the ?evidence? for the existence of the creature and the quality of the film footage. This text consists of several quoted sections of a paper by Munns and Meldrum (2013), ?Surface Anatomy and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Features in the Analysis of the Patterson-Gimlin Film Hominid? published in The Relict Hominoid Inquiry. Part of this section includes a reference to skeptical anthropologist David Daegling (2004) who is quoted as saying that claims the film was a hoax have never been proven. Daegling?s book Bigfoot Exposed was dated the same year as that of Greg Long?s controversial book The Making of Bigfoot that some count as a reasonable (but entirely circumstantial) argument for why the PG film most certainly was a hoax orchestrated by Roger Patterson. Hunter fails to cite several other reputable sources that also support the existence of Bigfoot as a real animal rendering this document an incomplete review of Bigfoot-reality claims.

He discusses physical features he observes from the film as conclusive evidence of the creature?s validity, even though these are unverified ? skin folds, surface anatomical features, hair patterns, muscle motion, and toe and hand flexion. The Munns and Meldrum paper is, again, cited as justification that the film is of adequate quality to make these biological determinations. For additional support of Bigfoot reality, he argues that it was not possible to make a realistic costume at this time. In supplying a few random weak rebuttals of common issues non-believers assert about the PG film, Hunter ultimately resorts to shifting the burden of proof by saying that no one has proved Bigfoot doesn?t exist. Along with the poor proofreading (the obvious misspelling of ?gait? as ?gate? twice) and lack of professional language and process displayed, this document is not comparable to the quality of scholarly scientific publications.

While the description is based on a dubious subject in a low-resolution film from 1967, it is essentially valid. Dr. Pine clarifies that even a verbal description or basic sketch based only upon a brief sighting would qualify as the basis for naming a new species as long as some distinguishing characteristics are stated and a name is properly proposed. It is disturbing to realize that anyone could have named the species before this, provided they followed the rules acceptable to the ICZN. However, Hunter failed to qualify his proposed genus name Kryptopithecus. While Hunter provides a description of the particular species, Kryptopithecus, as proposed, is without a description. I won?t be surprised if he churns out another slap-dash, unreviewed publication with the genus issue fixed, just as he casually fixed the mistakenly Latinized species name.

Several others have proposed names for Bigfoot. None, apparently, have done so officially, but that point might be debatable. This article by Loren Coleman on the BRFO website contains references to previous conditionally-proposed names that were all within existing genera. Dr. Jeff Meldrum has proposed a name for the iconic footprint, Anthropoidipes ameriborealis. Footprints are considered ichnotaxon, or traces. Meldrum is careful to describe both the genus and species in his publication with the proposed name. Tracks will have a different name as the animal who made them. This is common practice for fossil prints but, in this case, it is not a fossil but a cast of the print made from the location of the PG film site. The Code states ichnotaxa are fossil traces, not casts, thus, Anthropoidipes ameriborealis is invalid.

Major criticisms have been outlined here regarding Erich Hunter?s proposed name. All are important but, ultimately, may not matter in the big picture. From what can be determined so far, there is no other legitimate, accepted species name for Bigfoot. All other proposed names do not matter if the rules were not followed. Should remains of a genuine animal turn up that is determined to be just like that depicted in the film, there would be some appropriately giant arguments about its zoological name, though Hunter?s K. gimlinpattersonorum would have a claim. It doesn?t matter that the scholarship on this original description was shallow and shoddy. He was thinking of a creature that looked just as in that film when he named it and designated the film as a type specimen. As Dr. Pine wrote to me:

?That fact is tied up with the function that the type specimen is supposed to perform ? THIS thing and no other, and forever more, is what this NAME applies to, with absolute surety, because the person who named it said so, and regardless of whatever someone might think in the future about the taxonomic identity or shared specific identity of it with other specimens might be, this is the one that the person had in mind when he/she came up with that name.?

If, after study, the animal was determined to be that of another species (either an extinct named species like Gigantopithecus blacki or modern Homo sapiens) then Hunter?s name would become a junior synonym of that designation.

Bigfoot does not exist as a real animal according to scientific consensus. It remains speculative and, therefore, no one actually cares about its name. Yet, in distilling all the various problems of this particular example, we have some unresolved issues.

The naming code allows for spurious research, non-peer reviewed publications, and poor scholarship to exist on equal footing as legitimate activities done by experienced and diligent scientists who care about making the most accurate and useful naming designations.  There is significant ?taxonomic vandalism? going on that should be addressed. In some cases (such as global identification of venomous animals) it may result in measurable harm, though, in general, it undermines basic scientific integrity.

Several researchers have petitioned the ICZN to address these lapses in standards of practice, scholarship, and peer review. Quality control standards are not required by the ICZN but clearly should be, for the good of science. As such, there is now an ugly situation that results in careless naming by unqualified people for egotistical purposes.

(Edited for clarification points ? use of photos was not allowed via a rule change ? it was previously allowed; Hunter?s thesis was for his Doctorate degree; the ichnotaxon A. ameriborealis is unquestionably invalid.)

more stop-press

Mormonism?s Crisis of Faith

In the Old Testament, there is a story about Nebuchadnezzar II, the great king of the Neo-Babylonian empire, that holds the root of Mormonism?s unique interpretation of Christian theology. The king is tormented by a cryptic dream in which he sees an enormous statue of a man, forged from four different metals, destroyed by a stone that was cut from a mountain ?without hands.? The stone then becomes a mountain itself that grows to fill the whole earth. Wise men and astrologers throughout the empire try and fail to decode the dream to the intense dismay of the king, who, in a fit of rage, orders the slaughter of all wise men in his kingdom. Concerned, Daniel asks God for a crash course in dream interpretation. That night in a vision, God reveals to Daniel the entirety of Nebuchadnezzar?s dream and its accompanying interpretation. Daniel then explains to the king that the statue?s four different metals represent successive kingdoms of men, beginning with Babylon. And the stone represents the indestructible and eternal Kingdom of God.

Most mainstream Christians understand this story in eschatological terms, the Kingdom of God referring to the new world order that will be instituted and presided over by Jesus Christ following his Second Coming. But Mormons have taken the Kingdom of God, in this context, to mean The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints?the Mormon Church itself. In Mormon circles, in fact, ?stone cut without hands? has become shorthand for the church and the gospel it preaches.

That world-conquering confidence has long been the beating heart of the Mormon Church. To Mormons, the breakneck speed with which the church has grown from just six members at its founding in 1830 to more than 15 million in 2017 represents Daniel?s prophecy fulfilled. But a recent controversy surrounding a New York Times obituary of former church president Thomas S. Monson shows how wobbly that confidence has become, as Mormonism struggles to adapt to a changing world that, in a reversal of Nebuchadnezzar?s dream, threatens to overwhelm it.

Mormonism?s exponential growth has been a comfort and a testament to millions of Mormons for decades. The gospel must be true. How else could this religion have expanded so rapidly? Though I am no longer a practicing member, that?s how I felt growing up in the church. In Sunday school once, an elder stood up in the middle of class, brandishing a magazine rolled up like a stick. He explained, gesturing to the curled pages in his hand, that an article had just been published declaring Mormonism to be the fastest growing religious sect in American history. And if current growth trends continued, he said, there could be 265 million members of the church worldwide by 2080. At the time, the Mormon church was on pace to become the first new major world religion of the twenty-first century.

But the good news that once allayed the fears of the doubters and hardened the resolve of the faithful has evaporated. Mormons don?t source the bulk of their faith to rapid measures of growth, of course; religious conviction can?t be measured like gross domestic product. But the latest numbers make it hard to seriously claim that the Mormon interpretation of Daniel?s prophecy has come to pass, or even that it may yet. In fact, church growth has cooled to its slowest pace since 1937. Mormon supremacy is no longer the foregone conclusion that it was when I was a young believer.

Mormonism isn?t alone in its struggle to expand in this century. Americans are abandoning religion in startling numbers across ?all regions of the country and many demographic groups,? according to Pew Research. The Mormon church?s 1.7 percent annual growth is still quite good in these dire times for religion. But it?s less good when you consider that the church maintains a massive force of more than 70,000 full-time proselytizing missionaries worldwide, and barely manages to tread water.

In the face of these challenges, the church has placed its bets on entrenchment. Long criticized for its problematic positions on civil rights, a crisis of attenuating membership offered?and still offers?an opportunity to adapt to changing attitudes and project a fresh, more compassionate image. Instead, under the guidance of Monson, who died last week at 90, the church in the past ten years has doubled down on exclusion. In 2015, it announced a new policy barring the children of same-sex couples from receiving essential, saving ordinances like baptism. It also declared members of the church who are in same-sex marriages?even loving, monogamous ones?apostates subject to excommunication. Later the same year, it reaffirmed its policy excluding women from entering the priesthood. While it?s true that some conservative religious sects in America are growing, the overall trend hasn?t supported the notion that stricture and rigid tradition are an effective antidote to declining religiosity.

Shoring up the base, to use a political analogy, may be an effective short-term tack. But it?s a terrible strategy if the goal is broad appeal, let alone to ?fill the whole world.? This isn?t just a marketing directive for Mormons, but its mission statement and self-proclaimed divine destiny. So why not change with the times? Monson?s obituary in the Times, and the feverish response to it, offer some clues.

The Times?s write-up on Monson is a fairly standard one. It?s a reckoning with his legacy that attempts to define the man in relationship to the world in which he lived. Monson presided over a period of unprecedented openness about his church?s checkered history on civil rights, the piece notes. (The church has a long history of its leaders opposing racially mixed marriages and the civil rights movement.) And he expanded the role of women in the church?s missionary work. But he also held the line on some of the church?s most controversial policies, and introduced others that roiled even some of its most faithful members.

?Facing vociferous demands to recognize same-sex marriage, and weathering demonstrations at church headquarters by Mormon women pleading for the right to be ordained as priests, Mr. Monson did not bend,? Times reporter Robert D. McFadden wrote. ?Teachings holding homosexuality to be immoral, bans on sexual intercourse outside male-female marriages, and an all-male priesthood would remain unaltered.?

The intense love many Mormons reserve for their leaders dances on the precipice of worship. And Monson?s recent passing, whom devout members regarded as a ?prophet, seer, and revelator,? was a deeply somber event. The backlash to the piece was swift and ferocious. A Change.org petition calling for the Times to rewrite the obituary gathered more than 30,000 signatures within a day of its creation. It has since crossed the 200,000 mark.

?Instead of highlighting the positive aspects of his life, or a neutral statement about the facts of his life,? the petition reads, ?they decided to attack and disparage his character and used his obituary as a political statement against him and the church as a whole and tweeted a click-bait headline to attack even further.?

McKay Coppins, staff writer for The Atlantic and faithful Mormon, weighed in, too. ?In the days since Monson?s death, much of the press coverage has couched the LDS leader?s legacy in the context of culture war, or politics, or institutional infighting,? Coppins wrote. ?The New York Times obituary, for example, defined his life?s work by the things he didn?t do?such as his refusal to alter the church?s stances on same-sex marriage and female priesthood ordination.?

Faced with such public pushback, the paper responded in the form of an interview with obituaries editor William McDonald. McDonald conceded that McFadden might have added a bit more color to the piece to help readers understand why Monson was so beloved by his followers. For example, as a young bishop, Monson is said to have tended with particular care to the more than 80 widows in his congregation, comforting each one with small acts of kindness and telling stories with his signature sing-song prosody. Faithful members will be quick to note that similar accounts of intensely personal gestures of kindness and charity followed Monson throughout his life. But McDonald stood firm on the broad strokes of McFadden?s obituary.

?I think the obituary was a faithful accounting of the more prominent issues that Mr. Monson encountered and dealt with publicly during his tenure,? McDonald said. ?Some of these matters?the role of women in the church, the church?s policy toward homosexuality and same-sex marriage, and more?were widely publicized and discussed, and it?s our obligation as journalists, whether in an obituary or elsewhere, to fully air these issues from both sides. I think we did that, accurately portraying Mr. Monson?s positions as leader of the church, and those of the faithful and others who questioned church policies.?

He?s right. The Times reserves obituaries for notable and influential people, and it writes them with the same rigor and impartiality as any other piece of hard news. To highlight positive aspects of Monson?s personal life at the expense of an unsparing look at his record, as many comments on the petition demand, would be an abdication of journalistic duty. But the bigger issue underscored by this episode points to a fatal flaw built into the structure of the church, rendering it ill-equipped to handle such scrutiny.

There are no elections in the Mormon church. Though its members may fiercely disagree, it is, in effect, a dictatorship. The very existence of the church is predicated on the principle of divine revelation. Its president is ordained not only as the one true living prophet for the church, but for the entire world. He is the only man on earth with the power and authority to speak on behalf of God regarding doctrinal matters. And what?s more, church members have been promised that they will never be led astray by their prophets. When a Mormon prophet speaks, it is as if God himself is speaking. And his words are recorded and regarded as scripture just the same as if it were Moses or Isaiah standing behind the pulpit. This is why Mormons, by and large, have ultimate faith in the pronouncements of their leaders.

It?s easy to see the appeal of maintaining a monopoly on ideas and information, at least from the perspective of the church. This top-down structure reinforces the notion that church leaders are divinely inspired and set apart. And it intentionally echoes the familiar Biblical trope of a lone wise sage, chosen by God to be his mouthpiece in a wilderness of sin. Moses hiked to the top of a mountain wrapped in thickset clouds and rattled by thunder and lightning, and after 40 days and 40 nights he returned triumphantly, bearing the Law and the Truth, written in stone by the finger of God.

This model worked very well for an emerging religion in the nineteenth century. It doesn?t work so well now when advances in science have cast doubt on many of the church?s core teachings and every member is armed with the most powerful reference tool in human history, the internet. In light of these developments, other religions have woven evolution, the Big Bang, and civil rights into the fabric of their faiths. But even if the Mormon church wanted to adapt in the same way, it would have quite a time doing so. Because, by canonizing the words of its modern prophets, to later revise that doctrine in light of secular advances would be to discredit scripture. Imagine if, after Moses?s death, his successor Joshua had decided to grab a hammer and chisel and make some light edits to the Ten Commandments.

So now church leaders must constantly contend with the words of previous prophets, or risk throwing the entire enterprise into question. And to complicate things even more, the church?s membership has been conditioned to defend a crystallized dogma at all cost. If the church doesn?t find some way to free itself from the burden of its own theology, it will be left behind, and the remaining stalwarts will be forever destined to complain about obituaries in The New York Times. If baptism rates continue to fall, it may want to start with a re-interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar?s dream.

part 4 Test and Tips

Chrome-Erweiterungen mit Schadcode bedrohen über 500.000 Nutzer

Chrome-Erweiterungen mit Schadcode bedrohen über 500.000 Nutzer

(Bild: Icebrg )

In den Chrome Web Store haben sich Erweiterungen geschlichen, die Nutzer für Klickbetrug missbrauchen. Noch nicht alle Erweiterungen sind offline.

Offensichtlich haben sich vier mit Schadcode verseuchte Erweiterungen für den Webbrowser Chrome an den Sicherheitsmechanismen vom offiziellen Chrome Web Store vorbeigeschlichen. Die Erweiterungen sollen JavaScript-Befehle an Browser von Opfern schicken und so im Hintergrund Werbung aufrufen und darauf klicken. Auch die Manipulation von SEO soll zum Repertoire gehören, warnen Sicherheitsforscher von Icebrg.

Über eine halbe Millionen Nutzer sollen die Erweiterungen Change HTTP Request Header, Lite Bookmarks, Nyoogle und Stickies installiert haben. Drei der Erweiterungen sind mittlerweile offline, Nyoogle ist noch verfügbar. Chrome-Nutzer sollten prüfen, ob sie die Erweiterungen installiert haben und diese löschen. Neben dem Klickbetrug sollen die Erweiterungen auch Vorbereitungen für einen Fernzugriff auf Computer von Opfern aufweisen.

Derzeit ist unklar, wer hinter den Erweiterungen steckt. Icebrg geht aufgrund ähnlichen Ansätzen davon aus, dass identische Malware-Entwickler dahinterstecken. Weitere Details führen die Sicherheitsforscher in ihrem Blog aus. (des)

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